By Charles Hutton
A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionar is a different sourcebook for historians of arithmetic, astronomy and philosophy. it really is Charles Hutton's such a lot famous paintings and broadly thought of to be the successor to John Harris's nice Lexicon Technicum, or an common English Dictionary of the humanities and Sciences (1704). initially released in volumes in 1795-6, this expansive medical encyclopedia includes millions of causes of phrases and a wealth of biographical details at the significant British and eu scientists and philosophers. one of the biographical entries, which come with targeted bibliographical descriptions, are Berkeley, Huygens, Boyle, Bacon, Gassendi, Flamsteed, Hooke, Brahe, Newton, Galileo and Halley. the numerous clinical phrases are concisely defined and illuminated by way of examples and illustrations.
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He lives on a small island he never plans to leave where everything he needs is in easy walking distance and there are no paths that he could cycle on. He is simply and altogether NATURALISM WITHOUT TEARS 27 unaccountably assailed by an unmotivated desire for a bicycle. Algernon’s desire for a bicycle makes sense, we may say, in several ways. In the first place it broadly coheres with a vast web of other desires, both relatively local and relatively global, that Algernon has. In the second place his desire and very many of the other desires that support it are desires that he is stably disposed to endorse on reflection.
2 In my view, even if it turned out to be the case that consequentialists can genuinely accommodate commonly held moral beliefs about, for instance, our having special duties to our family members and other people close to us, a claim of which I am suspicious, they would nevertheless find themselves obliged to say so for the wrong reasons. According to me, whether we have these obligations or not has nothing to do with whether people in general taking themselves to have them makes things go best overall.
A space of reasons is the form a space of desires assumes when viewed from within. When we look at it this way, it’s plausible to make what is of course a highly familiar claim about normative concepts and normative language. Such concepts and such language do not describe our desires but rather express them. 12 Hitler, I can now say, had no reason to murder those millions of Jews. Blue has no reason to pursue a life of unrelieved suffering. When I say this I express the passions in my own soul, not in those of Hitler or of Blue.