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By Henry R. West

John Stuart Mill was once the best British thinker of the 19th century and his well-known essay Utilitarianism is the main influential assertion of this philosophical procedure. Henry West's creation to utilitarianism serves as either a observation to, and interpretation of, the textual content.

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These were combined into one work in 1859 and rewritten in 1861. The essay was first published, in three parts, in successive issues of Fraser’s Magazine (October, November, December 1861). 5 Two of Mill’s lengthier but less frequently read works were published in 1865. One, Auguste Comte and Positivism, was Mill’s effort to sift what was good from what was bad in the French thinker’s speculations concerning social progress. On the one hand, Mill thought that Comte’s proposals for a “religion of humanity” indicated possibilities for replacing traditional religion with a more enlightened emotional and social equivalent, but, on the other hand, Mill thought that Comte’s program to 5 For the composition of the essay, see J.

Then gratitude is in itself obligatory, independently of my Maker’s will. From reverence and love? But why is he a proper object of love and reverence? . Is it because he is just, righteous, merciful? Then these attributes are in themselves good, independently of his pleasure. If any person has the misfortune to believe that his Creator commands wickedness, more respect is due to him [or her] for disobeying such imaginary commands, than for obeying them. ”15 Another problem with ascribing a supernatural origin to the received maxims of morality, according to Mill in a different treatise, the essay “Utility of Religion,” is that such an origin protects them from being criticized.

The one supporting the theory of innate principles] as the greatest speculative hindrance to the regeneration so urgently required, of man and society; which can never be effected under the 42 43 “Whewell on Moral Philosophy,” 179. Autobiography, in Autobiography and Literary Essays, 233 (ch. 7, par. 4). ”44 These criticisms, while persuasive to those who think that some features of current morality need change, would not be persuasive to those who are intuitionists. The latter would more likely regard any change as degeneration.

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