Download An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern by James A. Marcum PDF

By James A. Marcum

During this ebook the writer explores the transferring philosophical obstacles of contemporary clinical wisdom and perform occasioned by way of the drawback of quality-of-care, specifically when it comes to a number of the humanistic changes to the biomedical version. for this reason he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and moral obstacles of those clinical versions. He starts with their metaphysics, reading the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which clinical wisdom and perform is based. subsequent, he considers the epistemological matters that face those clinical versions, relatively these pushed by way of methodological techniques undertaken by way of epistemic brokers to represent clinical wisdom and perform. ultimately, he examines the axiological obstacles and the moral implications of every version, specifically when it comes to the physician-patient courting. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical research of the humanization of contemporary drugs is helping to deal with the crisis-of-care, in addition to the query of what's medicine?
The publication s targeted beneficial properties comprise a accomplished insurance of many of the themes within the philosophy of drugs that experience emerged during the last a number of many years and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The booklet s objective audiences contain either undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to healthcare execs philosophers.

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Extra info for An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine (Philosophy and Medicine) (Philosophy and Medicine)

Sample text

Attitude refers to a stance or position taken toward the world, especially in terms of a mental attitude and the assumptions associated with the world’s ontological nature. For a scientific worldview, a set of attitudes includes the various stances or positions and assumptions or presuppositions that are important for formulating scientific theories, laws, and hypotheses to account for the ontological entities that compose the natural world. As such, then, worldview is a metaphysical notion and is analyzed herein in terms of metaphysical positions and presuppositions, as well as ontological commitments.

In this sense, it is not necessarily dependent on physicalism or materialism, since emergent properties need not be reduced to material or physical components. In other words, the emergent property need not be physical or material. 20 Importantly, the rejection of physicalism or materialism does not mean that organicists embrace vitalism, especially the variety that envisions an élan vital or an entelechy as an emergent property. The nature of life, in non-reduced organicist terms, is not simply the summation of its material or vitalist components.

This presupposition is relative since it is used to ask questions but abandoned if the diagnosis does not substantiate it. An absolute presupposition, such that the disease is reducible to a particular mechanistic causation, is not abandoned but rather frames the diagnostic process. e. their ability to prompt questions about the world, is independent of their truth-value; rather, this efficacy depends upon their being supposed. Thus, absolute presuppositions are required for framing questions about the natural world and are thereby critical for an analysis of the natural sciences.

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